Taxes on Lottery Winnings Around the World
Every lottery player has the dream of winning the lottery, but many don’t consider the taxes they may face in the event they do win. The tax percentage varies depending on the player’s country or state. While some are lucky enough to be citizens in countries with no taxes, many others face high tax rates that leave them with a smaller percentage of their winnings. To sort which is which, let's compare the taxes on lottery winnings around the world.
Countries with No Lottery Taxes
Surprisingly, there are many countries that don’t tax lottery winnings. Most notably, Australia and the United Kingdom consider lottery winnings tax-exempt. For the lucky citizens of other countries like Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, Finland, Germany, Ireland, and many other countries in Europe, lottery winnings are paid out as a tax-free lump sum.
Although Canada’s southern neighbours have to pay hefty lottery taxes (more on this later), lottery winners in Canada don’t have to pay a single penny. That’s because the Canadian government doesn’t see lottery winnings as a form of income—nor does it tax it as such.
Considering that Canada’s most popular lotteries, Lotto 6/49 and Lotto Max, have had jackpot prizes reaching as high as $70 million, winners get to keep a lot more of their pies than winners in many other countries. While there are a few exceptions, mostly related to the interest earned on annuity payments and capital gain on non-cash prizes that are sold, winning a jackpot in Canada is about as good as it gets.
Luckily for most Australian residents, their lottery winnings—as well as other gambling winnings—are left untaxed. Of course, there are still those who are considered professional gamblers who must pay income taxes. This is because they are not employed the same way others are, but their time and resources go primarily toward playing the lottery and participating in gambling activities—somewhat like career players.
Still, pros are able to claim deductions for their losses, which can often be much larger than their winnings. The country prevents the tax-free system from being taken advantage of by considering which citizens can consider their gambling as their primary income.
Some of the largest lottery wins in Australia include a $107.5 million Australia Powerball jackpot by a woman from Sydney in January 2019 and an Australian father who won $96 million in August of the same year.
Considering the National Lottery is one of the largest lotto systems in the world, it seems too good to be true that taxes on lottery winnings in the UK do not exist. Fortunately for the country’s citizens, winnings are not considered as income by the government, so winners will receive the entire amount of their jackpot upon winning.
Still, future taxes can apply in situations where interest is earned on deposited winnings or further income is brought in through investments made with lottery winnings. Regardless, the percentage winners would pay towards income taxes in the UK beats the percentage winners pay on their winnings alone in countries like the US.
Other taxes can also apply in certain situations, such as the gift tax and inheritance tax.
The United Kingdom has seen some large wins in its lottery history, particularly with big lottery games like EuroMillions and UK Lotto including £170m won by an individual who decided to stay anonymous in October 2019 and £161 million won by Christine and Colin Weir in July 2011.
Countries with the Highest Lottery Taxes
Unfortunately, not all lottery players are as lucky as those in Australia and the United Kingdom. There are still many countries—such as India and the United States—that enact taxes on lottery winnings, oftentimes taking a large percentage of a player’s winnings.
Despite the growing popularity of India’s lotteries, winnings are still subject to hefty taxation. With lottery amounts being taxable under the country’s Income Tax Act, all winners have to pay a large tax of 30.9%—with no added benefit of the winnings being added to their income amount. Fortunately for those who are charitable, any donations that come from the winnings are deemed tax-exempt.
The United States
Depending on what state you live in, the lottery taxes in the US can be among the highest in the world—and with the jackpots of games such as Mega Millions and US Powerball reaching as high as $1.6 billion dollars, that's quite a chunk of change to hand over to the taxman.
When a lottery player wins $600 or more, they are immediately required to fill out a W-2G form for the IRS to establish their winnings. This is taxed like income. However, for those who win $5,000 or more, they not only have to fill out the same form to register their winnings—they are also immediately taxed 25%. Refusal to provide necessary information, specifically one’s social security number, results in a federal tax of 28% of one’s winnings. Tax percentages increase with larger wins.
For the states that don’t employ income taxes, like Alaska and Washington, national lottery tickets aren’t available for purchase. However, players are still able to participate online and in other states.
The states with the lowest state lottery tax rates are North Dakota (2.90%), Indiana (3.23%), Michigan (4.25%), Arizona (4.54%), Colorado (4.63%), New Mexico (4.90%), Illinois (4.95%), and Ohio (4.99%).
The states with the highest lottery taxes are Oregon (9.90%), Minnesota (9.85%), Iowa (8.98%), New Jersey (8.97%), D.C. and Vermont (8.95%), Wisconsin (7.65%), Idaho (7.49%), Maine (7.15%), and South Carolina (7.0%).
Comparison Table: All Major Countries’ Lottery Tax Rates
Most Popular Lotteries
Australia Powerball, Oz Lotto, Australia Saturday Lotto, Australia Monday Lotto
Austria Lotto 6 aus 45, EuroMillions, Lucky Day
Canada Lotto 6/49, Canada Lotto Max, Ontario 49
United Arab Emirates
Dubai Duty Free Millennium Millionaire Promotion, Abu Dhabi Big Ticket, National Bonds, Mashreq Millionaire
France Lotto, EuroMillions
German Lotto 6 aus 49, EuroJackpot, Spiel 77, Super 6
Ghana Lotto 5/90
Hong Kong Mark Six
Hungary Hatoslottó, Hungary Otoslotto, EuroJackpot
Viking Lotto, Iceland Lotto 5/40, EuroJackpot, Joker Lottery, 1x2 Lottery, Lengjan Lottery
Japan Loto 6, Japan Loto 7
EuroJackpot, Viking Lotto Teleloto, LOTO 1634, Keno Loto, Jėga
New Zealand Powerball, Lotto
Norway Lotto, EuroJackpot, Viking Lotto
Singapore Pools 4D Lottery, Singapore Pools Toto Lottery
South Africa Powerball, South Africa Lotto
Swedish Lotto, EuroJackpot, Viking Lotto
Turkish Sayisal Loto 6/49
Ukraine Megalot, Ukraine Super Loto
1 to 25% + flat tax
Romania Lotto 6/49, 5/40, Joker
Mexico Melate, Mexico Melate Retro
10-30% on wins above HRK750
EuroJackpot, Loto 7/39, Loto 6/45, Keno
10% on wins above 2,280 złoty
Polish Lotto, Polish Mini Lotto
SuperEnalotto, Italy Lottomatica, Italy MillionDAY, EuroJackpot
Brazil Mega Sena, Brazil Dupla Sena, Brazil Quina, Brazil Lotofacil, Brazil Dia De Sorte
Caribbean Super Lotto
15% on wins above DKK200
Danske Lotto, Klasselotteriet
Jamaica Cash Plot, Caribbean Super Lotto
Nigeria Baba Ijebu Premier Lottery, Western Max, Western Esho
Caribbean Super Lotto
15% when winnings surpass 300 euros
Slovenia Loto, EuroJackpot, Viking Lotto,
Chile Clasico Loto, Polla Chilena
17% on top three prize tiers
Eesti Loto, Bingo, EuroJackpot, Viking Lotto, Keno
20% on wins above RMB10,000
Powerball, China Welfare Lottery, China Sports Lottery, Hong Kong Mark Six
Kenya Lotto 6/49
Philippines 6/49 Super Lotto
20% on wins above €2,500
Spanish La Primitiva, Bonoloto, El Gordo, Loteria Nacional
Taiwan Lotto 6/49
23% on wins between €3,000 to €55,000; 31.4% on wins above €55,000
Latvia Latloto 5/35, EuroJackpot, Viking Lotto
Holland Lotto, Staatsloterij
Sportka Lottery, EuroJackpot, EuroMillions
Veikkaus Finland, EuroJackpot, Viking Lotto
India Saturday Super Lotto, Playwin, Kerala Lottery, Goa State Rejshree, Maharashtra State Lottery
35% on wins above CHF 1,000
Federal tax (up to 37%) + state tax (varies from 0% to 8.82%)
Powerball, Mega Millions, Florida Lotto, California Super Lotto, New York Lotto, Lotto America
The Barbados Lottery, Caribbean Lottery
EuroJackpot, Slovakia Loto, Slovakia Loto 5 z 35
Though lottery taxes are enough to intimidate many people right out of playing, it is typically still worth giving it a shot. After all, winnings often amount to much more than what the player spent on their tickets. The risk may not always seem worth it, but if it’s the taxes scaring you away, just remember: winning means you still go home with more money than you had in the beginning, even if the government insists on taking a large cut.